The LUTR cluster links several different projects in the area of sustainable urban mobility, including land use, transportation, and the environment.
The common objective is to develop strategic approaches and methodologies in urban planning that all contribute to the promotion of sustainable urban development. This includes issues of transportation demands and related land use planning, the design and provision of efficient and innovative transportation services including alternative means of transportation, and the minimization of negative environmental and socio-economic impacts.
Velo Mondial represents the velo.Info project in this cluster.
The key conclusions from PLUME are summarised below. Final Report
1. Better communication of key findings from researchers to the ultimate decision-makers will be advantageous. PLUME has served this purpose by drawing attention to commonly understood findings, as well as to identify gaps and any inconsistencies in findings from research. A further step would be to address the particular research gaps identified by PLUME End Users by undertaking new research in the areas indicated in Chapter 6.2. The inadequacy of real integration between land use and mobility planning has been evident for many years, and a number of barriers remain. Ideally integrating transport and PLUME Final Report The PLUME Consortium Page 8 September 2005 land use planning needs to be tackled at regional level first, before being tackled at a local (city) level.
3. It is the responsibility of national governments to ensure that regional land use and mobility planning systems are strong enough to achieve good vertical integration (consistency between local and regional plans) and horizontal integration operation
between local authorities within a region). The European Union should set the overall framework and establish standards for good practice. 4. It is important to increase the understanding of the public, politicians and the media about LUTR activities by directly involving them in future research programmes. In order to do this, a clearer and more tangible expression of transport and land use planning concepts and issues is required. In order to influence End Users, PLUME recommendations could be tied into existing European directives on the environment, or could be communicated in new ways, for example in the context of improving the health of citizens.
5. End User regions and cities should be involved in the process from the beginning in order to achieve a more integrated approach between land use and mobility planning. Demonstration projects are an important way of achieving this, but the research institutions are still key so that conclusions can be drawn from the demonstrations.
6. The End User cities participating in PLUME all agree that the network has been of benefit and that European cooperation and networking are positive aspects for improving knowledge and key to the success of achieving integrated policies. The End Users would like the work of the PLUME thematic network to continue and the momentum to be maintained.
7. While the land use and transport research programme has substantially increased our understanding of the requirements for sustainable urban land use and transport strategies, the barriers to implementing them and the potential benefits from doing so, several research needs remain. These are detailed in Chapter 6 of this report and provide an outline specification for a future research programme.
8. There are limited opportunities to continue further research in FP6, including an Integrated Project focussed on land use and a small Coordinating Action looking at scenarios for transport and land use. Furthermore, in order to continue the Benchmarking work carried out as part of PLUME, End User cities have been invited to join the third year of the Urban Transport Benchmarking Initiative to form a Benchmarking group focused on land use and mobility.
9. Whilst FP6 is not particularly relevant to PLUME, it is to be hoped that opportunities will arise in FP7.